「文化民主化」： 文化的主體是人民；2019 年國際
The core concept of the Cultural White Paper issued by the
Ministry of Culture in 2018 is "cultural democratization": the main
body of culture is the people. The ICOM General Conference 2019
also proposed that museums are "democratizing," "inclusive"
and "polyphonic" spaces. Therefore, the role of museums in
cultural development should be reversed into a bottom-up cultural
governance model with all citizens participating, ensuring the
freedom of people’s cultural creation, respecting the diverse
development of multiculturalism, and then practicing cultural
citizenship that is equal, diverse and inclusive.
The permanent exhibition of Exploring Taiwan is about "Stories of
Taiwan" based on the above-mentioned concept. It comprises two
exhibition halls, entitled "Culture" and "Nature." Each has selected
the important cultural assets, passed down from generation to
generation in Taiwan, from the museum collection over the past
century. They jointly present the cultural and natural appearances,
which are authentic, splendid and abundant, of each place. The
introduction of the inclusive and diverse perspectives of Taiwanese
culture connects with contemporary social issues. We hope to
respond to the needs of audiences from different communities
(ethnic groups), and to demonstrate the value of Taiwanese
culture, while making the museum an exchange field for enhancing
the dialogue between different cultures.
However, "cultural diversity" and "biodiversity" are often
discussed separately, but in fact the two are closely related to each
other. Different ethnic groups build their homes in the natural
environment, while the culture established by humans affects
the environmental ecology, or even causes crises. This exhibition
hopes to establish the values and behaviors of environmental
ethics in contemporary museums, and to encourage the public to
reflect on the relationship between human culture and nature,
and the obligations required for the harmonious and sustainabledevelopment in the future.